By Vijayendra Rao, Michael Walton

ISBN-10: 0804747873

ISBN-13: 9780804747875

ISBN-10: 1417523530

ISBN-13: 9781417523535

How does tradition subject for improvement? Do yes societies have cultures which condemn them to poverty? Led by way of Arjun Appadurai, Mary Douglas, and Amartya Sen, the anthropologists and economists during this quantity contend that tradition is imperative to improvement, and that cultural tactics are neither inherently strong nor undesirable and not static. relatively, they're contested and evolving, and will be a resource of profound social and financial transformation via their impact on aspirations and collective motion; but they could even be exploitative, exclusionary, and will bring about inequality. Culture and Public Action comprises case reviews from Africa, Asia, and Latin the United States, which study the position of tradition in community-based improvement, ethnic clash, famine aid, gender discrimination, and HIV-AIDS coverage. The editors finish by means of presenting how a ''cultural lens'' can larger tell destiny examine and public coverage on improvement. available, balanced, and interesting, this publication can be of curiosity to a person interested in the connection among tradition and economics, and the layout and implementation of improvement coverage. For additional details at the ebook and comparable essays, please stopover at: http://www.cultureandpublicaction.org For orders from India, Bangladesh, Nepal, and Sri Lanka, please e mail everlasting Black at perblack@ndb.vsnl.net.in.

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This suggests the need for a process of discovery of what different groups believe and value, and a recognition of where there are genuine choices to be made. Kuran’s example of a more liberal majority in Islamic societies being silenced by the voices of a radical minority is clearly a case of preference falsification. “Man in the street” interviews conducted by journalists in repressive dictatorships where the interviewees express strong support for the regime are another. When those beliefs are internalized and become part of the value system of all groups, we would call them constraining preferences.

Also important was the focused attention on respecting the cultures of indigenous groups in the design of policy and projects that might affect them— with the development of specific guidelines on approaches to engage and debate with such groups (see the chapter by Sabina Alkire). 30 Culture as a concept began to make inroads into thinking about policy (Serageldin and Tabaroff 1994) and was explicitly developed as a theme by James Wolfensohn, president of the World Bank (Wolfensohn 1998). This report introduced the concept of empowerment as one of the central pillars of poverty-focused development.

See the chapter by Carol Jenkins for further discussion of sexual subcultures and their role in HIV-AIDS. 4. An important challenge was that sex workers faced losses of about 60% of their income if they used condoms because their clients had a strong preference for condom-free sex (Rao et al. 2003). 5. Despite this long engagement, Klitgaard (1994) proposes four reasons why anthropological notions have not yet become part of the mainstream practice of development. These are differences in the cultures of economics and anthropology, the fear that taking culture into account will lead to an oversimplification and misguided use of complex ideas, the sheer difficulty of constructing an analytical apparatus for the subject, and a “misguided notion of policy analysis” (Klitgaard 1994, 87).

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Culture and Public Action by Vijayendra Rao, Michael Walton


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