By Patrice Baubeau, Anders Ogren
This selection of essays goals to shape a concentrated, unique and optimistic method of analyzing the query of convergence and divergence in Europe.
Read Online or Download Convergence and Divergence of National Financial Systems: Evidence from the Gold Standards, 1871-1971 (Financial History) PDF
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Extra info for Convergence and Divergence of National Financial Systems: Evidence from the Gold Standards, 1871-1971 (Financial History)
Stockmarket under ‘Local Influences’ In the Lille Stock Exchange, equipped with a ring since 1861, the recruitment of the stockbrokers was also under control. It became completely restricted, as of the 1880s, to candidates having entered into marriages in the Lille business bourgeoisie or who originated therefrom, and who could then claim their rights to present a hereditary successor. This applied to Alexandre Crouan: of Breton origin (born in 1849 in a family of lawyers in Brest), he was admitted in 1882 to succeed a bankrupt stockbroker.
Both main other sectors in the list, around 1900, related to the metal industry (Denain-Anzin, but also the steel industry in the Sambre, Lorraine and Ardennes basins: twenty-three stock values in 1900, thirty in 1913). The regional and local banks (five stock values in 1900) accounted for the last important sector. Other important stock values were also present: gas and electricity, railways and tramways, operated in the Nord. In reality, except for banks, most of these stock values were also listed in Paris and in Brussels: Lille was for them only a very second-rate marketplace.
In fact, the powerful marketplace imposed its work practices to the allogenous banks. The concentration of the capital, particularly high in Roubaix-Tourcoing, and the banking competition provided the family groups with a negotiating power which enabled them to impose the form of loans, their amounts and to decline to prove their financial standing. All the more so, attached to banking pluralism, they endeavoured to maintain competition on the marketplace. Thus, in the Summer of 1913, as the Crédit du Nord absorbed Devilder, the Roubaix industrialists promoted the implantation of the Banque Suisse et Française.
Convergence and Divergence of National Financial Systems: Evidence from the Gold Standards, 1871-1971 (Financial History) by Patrice Baubeau, Anders Ogren