By Terry Woronov

ISBN-10: 080479541X

ISBN-13: 9780804795418

Images of chinese language youngsters with their heads buried in books for hours on finish, getting ready for high-stakes assessments, dominate understandings of chinese language formative years in either China and the West. yet what approximately kids who're now not at the route to educational luck? What occurs to adolescence who fail the state's high-stakes assessments? What many—even in China—don't detect is that as much as 1/2 the nation's early life are flunked out of the educational schooling procedure after ninth grade.

Class Work explores the results for formative years who've failed those checks, via an exam of 2 city vocational faculties in Nanjing, China. via a detailed examine the scholars' backgrounds, stories, the universities they attend, and their trajectories into the crew, T.E. Woronov explores the price structures in modern China that stigmatize formative years in city vocational colleges as "failures," and the political and financial buildings that funnel them into working-class futures. She argues that those marginalized scholars and faculties offer a privileged window into the continued, complicated intersections among the socialist and capitalist modes of construction in China this present day and the swift transformation of China's towns into post-industrial, service-based economies. This ebook advances the thought that city vocational colleges aren't in simple terms "holding tanks" for educational disasters; in its place they're incipient websites for the formation of a brand new operating class.

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Extra resources for Class Work: Vocational Schools and China’s Urban Youth

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This is a broad transformation in the nature of labor from that of their parents’ generation. These transformations are not unique to China, for the service-sector formations underway in Chinese cities are similar in some ways to those occurring in other parts of the industrialized world. Researchers who study the tertiary sector note that increasing numbers of young people are working in lowerend tertiary-sector occupations around the globe, particularly in part-time or short-term work. There has been a notable rise in these kinds of jobs in postindustrial economies across the globe.

17 They were quickly building an international reputation for their qualitative research, particularly on social issues related to migration and the environment. I could not have had a better group of interlocutors and partners for my research. Professor Chen assigned one of the department’s lecturers, Emma Wang Xubo, as my research partner. A native of China’s far northeast, Emma was unusually tall, thin, and elegant among her southern Chinese colleagues. Her soft voice and cultivated Mandarin accent hid a lightning-fast wit and wickedly playful sense of humor.

By the late 1970s, virtually all urban Chinese were affiliated with a work unit, which provided them with lifelong employment security. This was known as the “iron rice bowl” employment system, since the workers’ livelihood, or “rice bowl,” could not be broken over the course of their lifetime. Throughout this era, graduates of danwei-affiliated vocational worker training schools were automatically assigned to lifelong jobs in their schools’ work units. Graduates had no choice of work assignment; jobs were allocated by the work unit, and workers generally stayed at their units through retirement.

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Class Work: Vocational Schools and China’s Urban Youth by Terry Woronov

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