By Xiaoqun Xu

ISBN-10: 0511019785

ISBN-13: 9780511019784

ISBN-10: 0521780713

ISBN-13: 9780521780711

Xiaoqun Xu makes a compelling and unique contribution to the research of China's modernization with this examine of the increase institutions in Republican China, of their birthplace of Shanghai, and in their political and socio-cultural milieus. Xu addresses a significant factor in China reviews, the connection among nation and society, and proposes an alternative choice to the Western-derived inspiration of civil society. This booklet illuminates the multidimensional complexity of modernization and nationalism in twentieth-century China, and gives a concrete case for comparative experiences of professionalization and sophistication formation throughout cultures.

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Extra resources for Chinese Professionals and the Republican State: The Rise of Professional Associations in Shanghai, 1912-1937 (Cambridge Modern China Series)

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A consideration of the relationship between ziyou zhiye zhe and the state must take into account the connections and differences between ziyou zhiye zhe and other social groups both within and outside the urban middle class. Bearing in mind these points, the study now turns to the development of law, medicine, and journalism. 65. 56–58. 38 Professions in Early-Twentieth-Century Shanghai LAW, MEDICINE, AND JOURNALISM IN SHANGHAI Judicial System Traditional China knew no independent judicial system, perhaps with the exception of the central government.

147–75; Yves Chevrier, “La Question de la Société Civile, la Chine et le Chat du Cheshire,” Etudes Chinoises, 14,3 (Autumn 1995):153–251. ”26 It is the view of this study that when the concept of civil society is defined as societal autonomy vis-à-vis the state, the concept is too limiting to capture the complexity of state–society relations in Republican China; however, an extended definition of the concept may lose its conceptualizing power and analytical rigor. Therefore, this study examines the concrete forms that various social groups adopted and the specific avenues that the social groups pursued to interact with the state.

Marinus J. 38–43; Meribeth E. 100–135. 67. Marinus J. 868–1028; Meribeth E. 171–75. 68. 396–97. 39 Professions and Professionals twelve ordinances concerning the civil code, eight ordinances concerning the criminal code, fifteen ordinances concerning judicial procedures, four sets of regulations concerning judicial administration, and eleven other laws and ordinances. 69 In September 1912 the Ministry of Justice issued the Provisional Regulations on Lawyers (Lüshi zanxing zhangcheng), thus officially establishing the legal profession for the first time in Chinese history.

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Chinese Professionals and the Republican State: The Rise of Professional Associations in Shanghai, 1912-1937 (Cambridge Modern China Series) by Xiaoqun Xu

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