By Duncan Poore

ISBN-10: 1417522364

ISBN-13: 9781417522361

ISBN-10: 1853839906

ISBN-13: 9781853839900

This is often the heritage of the foreign Tropical bushes association (ITTO); its goals, regulations and achievements, via drawing on modern documents and the author's personal vast event. The publication makes use of exam of previous successes and screw ups to formulate a 21st-century schedule for the main functional methods of bettering the administration of forests and figuring out woodland guidelines.

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Extra info for Changing Landscapes: The Development of the International Timber Organization and Its Influence on Tropical Forest Management

Example text

Land Use and Management – the Two Elements of Sustainability Some history The onslaught on the tropical moist forest began in the late 1950s and accelerated in the 1960s. At first, this was mainly transformation of forest into agricultural land, often in large, official land-settlement schemes. Some were carried out well, others badly. Shifting cultivation was also a cause of forest degradation. It, equally, could be carried out well or badly – depending upon the numbers of people, the fertility of the site, the length of the cycle and the farming methods and crops used.

The national economic context of forest management There seems to be general agreement that most governments seriously underestimate the economic worth of forests (both as productive resources and for the services that they provide) and that, on the other hand, they do not appreciate the cost of transforming the capital of natural forest into other forms of capital. 19 Yet, despite many attempts to include these non-market benefits in national accounts, politicians in all countries continue to make decisions on the basis of their political judgement, which often runs contrary to the economic valuations argument.

Some were carried out well, others badly. Shifting cultivation was also a cause of forest degradation. It, equally, could be carried out well or badly – depending upon the numbers of people, the fertility of the site, the length of the cycle and the farming methods and crops used. At that time, the problems of the moist tropical forest were largely seen as problems of land use, not of forest management. The loss or degradation of forest by timber exploitation was not yet seen as an issue. These questions of land use were widely discussed in the early 1970s, when FAO published its first forest resource assessment and also played an important part in the deliberations of the First World Conference on the Human Environment in 1972 (the Stockholm Conference).

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Changing Landscapes: The Development of the International Timber Organization and Its Influence on Tropical Forest Management by Duncan Poore


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