By Polly Young-Eisendrath, Shoji Muramoto
Buddhism first got here to the West many centuries in the past during the Greeks, who additionally stimulated a number of the tradition and practices of Indian Buddhism. As Buddhism has unfold past India, it has regularly been laid low with the indigenous traditions of its new houses. while Buddhism seemed in the US and Europe within the Fifties and Nineteen Sixties, it encountered modern psychology and psychotherapy, instead of non secular traditions. because the Nineties, many efforts were made by means of Westerners to investigate and combine the similarities and modifications among Buddhism and it healing ancestors, quite Jungian psychology.
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Extra resources for Awakening and Insight: Zen Buddhism and Psychotherapy
Scientism proposes that scientific investigation is nothing more than the accumulation of ‘facts’. The question thus arises: what actually are ‘facts’? They are not simply existing there, waiting for scientific investigation. Only a little phenomenological reflection reveals that they show themselves as facts because of the construction of, or at least the correlation with, what is usually called mind. Mind thus is a fundamental fact. It is psychology that reveals this truth. This concept of psychology must be distinguished from psychologism, a form of reductionism that reduces all things to psychology.
Who defiles you? What about Nirvana? Who puts you in samsara? (see Miura and Sasaki 1966:301) To each question of the dreaming monk the master answered—simply by being awake. The master could see the monk’s self-confusion; he could also ‘see through’ to the monk’s formless self. Thus, the master’s paradoxical—yet perfectly honest and straightforward—responses. ’ In Buddhism and in Zen a variety of provisional methods have been put forth. For example, the method of concentrated sitting in which one does not hold onto anything in the dream, nor even to the dream itself or the dreamer.
This concept of psychology must be distinguished from psychologism, a form of reductionism that reduces all things to psychology. Without the awareness of this distinction every psychological statement would be misleading and absurd, the worst form of ideology. Jung is, indeed, right when he says: ‘Every science is a function of the psyche, and all knowledge is rooted in it. The psyche is the greatest of all cosmic wonders’ (Jung 1947/1954: par. 357). He obviously claims the primacy of psychology over all the other sciences, but psychology must be subjected to this same self-criticism.
Awakening and Insight: Zen Buddhism and Psychotherapy by Polly Young-Eisendrath, Shoji Muramoto