By Gunnar Eliasson
The fundamental subject of this e-book is to enquire the macroeconomic importance of the "cloud" of technological spillovers that surrounds complicated commercial creation: In what methods do technological techniques unfold and give a contribution to financial development? What regulations may be built to maximise the industrial power of ideas? those topics are rather well timed within the context of world financial quandary, government-sponsored stimulus programs, and the continued evolution from manufacturing-based to knowledge-based economies. To discover those matters extensive, Gunnar Eliasson makes a speciality of an in depth case learn of the advance of Saab’s army plane, the JAS 39 Gripen system—a venture that includes complicated technological techniques, a fancy community of providers, public-private zone collaboration, and either army and advertisement purposes. The adventure within the airplane can be in comparison with spillover results in telephony, desktops, and clinical applied sciences. The learn emphasizes the position of purchaser competence in elevating the standard of innovation offer, and of entrepreneurship and industrially powerfuble enterprise capital for commercializing spillovers. Eliasson integrates micro-econometrics and case examine research with macroeconomics, innovation learn tools, and enterprise management conception to degree the consequences of expertise spillovers and generate a fantastic empirical beginning for coverage research. particularly, he considers:
- the function of useful public (government) procurement as a brand new call for coverage to aid innovation supply
- the emergence of the complex organizations as "technical university," the place continuous studying happens and entrepreneurship between shoppers and different stakeholders is encouraged
- issues of highbrow estate rights and the social worth of technological innovations
- the implications for strategic company perform and public policy
The result's a ebook that may entice a wide spectrum of lecturers, leaders, and policymakers attracted to the dynamics of innovation offer, commercialization of applied sciences and financial growth.
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Extra resources for Advanced Public Procurement as Industrial Policy: The Aircraft Industry as a Technical University
6 Social Value Creation: The Magnitudes Involved 11 innovations. This should mean that the long-term systems dynamics leverage on the entire economy (the spillover multiplier) has increased in importance (see further below in this section). On the social values created around the JAS 39 Gripen R&D investments I have brought together material from external studies and my own estimates to construct a range. 15. The reason for the difference is that Fölster’s forecasts of social value creation for the period 1992 through 1998 (obtained from the firms) were significantly lower than my estimates based on actual records, the explanation being Ericsson’s phenomenal and not expected surge into mobile telephony during those years.
If all military development is included the spillover effects become much larger. To obtain a net effect, furthermore, I have assumed that the alternative use of the resources now engaged in Gripen development, in the absence of Gripen, would have been employed at the average productivity registered for Swedish engineering industry, data that have been available on an individual firm basis from the Planning Survey of the Federation of Swedish Industries. See further Technical Supplement S2. The numbers only cover Gripen aircraft platform development including weapons integration, but not the development of the weapons.
This is also the reason why policy makers in the industrial countries keep being concerned about the sustained competence development of this industry. –– Developing economies constitute a special case since they also lack a competent receiver industry capable of picking up spillovers and putting them to industrial use. They need help and this fact also constitutes a rational foundation of offset trade. –– In the wider European context the analysis changes (see Chap. 7). The spillover pick up area of political interest widens and the potential growth effects increase, even though their geographical market allocation is difficult (impossible) to predict.
Advanced Public Procurement as Industrial Policy: The Aircraft Industry as a Technical University by Gunnar Eliasson