By Irene Polinskaya

ISBN-10: 9004234047

ISBN-13: 9789004234048

This booklet offers the 1st accomplished and certain learn of the deities and cults of the $64000 Greek island-state of Aigina from the Geometric to Classical sessions (800-400 BCE). It rests on a radical first-hand reconsideration of the archaeological, epigraphic and literary proof. the advance of the neighborhood cults is reconstructed, in addition to their interrelationships and the way they replied to the social wishes of the Aiginetans. Revising different contemporary versions of interpretation, the writer proposes a particular procedure, expert through anthropology and social concept, to the learn of the spiritual lifetime of the traditional Greeks. in this foundation, she makes use of the case of Aigina to discover primary matters similar to the character and diversity of neighborhood non secular worlds and their dating to the panhellenic thoughts and practices of Greek faith.

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Extra resources for A Local History of Greek Polytheism: Gods, People and the Land of Aigina, 800-400 BCE

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Colored by Christian teleology, the inquiry never assessed Greek religion on its own terms, but was rather preoccupied with finding the right place for this phenomenon in the religious history of humankind. , Philo of Alexandria, De Decalogo 65, De opificio mundi 171, De mutatione nominum 205, etc. “Polytheism has been rediscovered only recently. This word was invented by Philo of Alexandria to describe the opposite of the Divine monarchy defined in the first commandment of the Decalogue. It only appeared in French with Jean Bodin in 1580, and in English with Samuel Purchas in 1614 in the context of a polemic directed against the “Papists” (Schmidt 1987, 10).

E. e. cult. ” 15 In late antique (patristic), medieval and Renaissance literature, the religion of the Greeks was identified as idolatry, one of the three forms of false worship, together with cosmolatry of the Chaldaeans, and zoolatry of the Egyptians. It was not until the 17th century that Herbert of Cherbury (1639) introduced the idea of a comparative history of 6 chapter one the 18th century. 16 These new fields of inquiry established a cross-cultural and interdisciplinary framework for the study of Greek religion and set the stage for debates that still rage today.

For the study of Aiginetan deities, and of any local grouping of cults, it is fundamental to take a position on how to treat the semantic potential of divine names and epithets for the assessment of social functions of these deities in a local context. The relevant questions include: at Sardis and the worshippers of the local Artemis, so presumably a clash between two groups of Artemis-worshippers, each honoring a different Artemis. , Callimachus, Hymn to Zeus 4–9: πῶς καί νιν, Δικταῖον ἀείσομεν ἠὲ Λυκαῖον; | ἐν δοιῇ μάλα θυμός, ἐπεὶ γένος ἀμφήριστον.

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A Local History of Greek Polytheism: Gods, People and the Land of Aigina, 800-400 BCE by Irene Polinskaya

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