By Agamenon R. E. Oliveira

ISBN-10: 9400777043

ISBN-13: 9789400777040

ISBN-10: 9400777051

ISBN-13: 9789400777057

This booklet strains the historical past of the idea that of labor from its earliest phases and indicates that its additional formalization results in equilibrium precept and to the main of digital works, and so pointing the way in which forward for destiny examine and applications.

The concept that whatever is still consistent in a laptop operation is especially previous and has been expressed via many mathematicians and philosophers similar to, for example, Aristotle. therefore, an idea of strength built. one other very important concept in laptop operation is Archimedes' lever principle.

In smooth occasions the concept that of labor is analyzed within the context of utilized mechanics typically in Lazare Carnot mechanics and the mechanics of the recent iteration of polytechnical engineers like Navier, Coriolis and Poncelet. during this context the note "work" is eventually followed. those engineers also are chargeable for the incorporation of the concept that of labor into the self-discipline of economics once they endeavoured to mix the examine of the paintings of machines and males together.

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Extra resources for A History of the Work Concept: From Physics to Economics

Example text

In addition we restrict our investigation to the field of classical mechanics and thus matter is the same as mass, being one of the fundamental concepts of mechanics.  2. 2 Matter, from the philosophical point of view, is a complex concept. Lenin (1971) remarked that everyone that discusses questions related to matter always falls into the old dilemma between being and thought, stating: “The reader sees that all arguments from the empirocriticism´s founders turn exclusively around the old gnosiologic problem of relations between thought and existence, between the sensations and the physical …”.

On p. 11 one can read: The concept of ideology was not coined by Marx: he only has taken it again. He was literally invented (in the true sense of invent, to take off from nothing) by a French philosopher few known, Destutt de Tracy, disciple of less category from encyclopedists, who published in 1801 a book called “Elements of ideology”. 20 For a discussion of this question in depth, see introduction (Löwy 1987), p. 195 and following. 4 Theory of History and General Historiography 23 Halicarnassus, Caria (now Bodrum in Turkey), Asia Minor.

The considerations made by these two authors were initially very simple. They observed that production depends upon materials and energy that are provided by nature. The economic process only absorbs matter-energy and throws it out continuously. They then argue that matter-energy comes in the economic process in a form of low entropy and leaves it in a high entropy stage. Thus, the economic process combines human labour with low-entropy materials transforming them and energy from more ordered forms into less ordered forms.

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A History of the Work Concept: From Physics to Economics by Agamenon R. E. Oliveira

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