By Bruce S. Hall
The mobilization of neighborhood principles approximately racial distinction has been vital in producing, and intensifying, civil wars that experience happened because the finish of colonial rule in all the international locations that straddle the southern fringe of the Sahara wilderness. From Sudan to Mauritania, the racial different types deployed in modern conflicts usually hearken again to an older background within which blackness might be equated with slavery and non-blackness with predatory and uncivilized banditry. This booklet strains the advance of arguments approximately race over a interval of greater than 350 years in a single vital position alongside the southern fringe of the Sahara wasteland: the Niger Bend in northern Mali. utilizing Arabic files held in Timbuktu, in addition to neighborhood colonial assets in French and oral interviews, Bruce S. corridor reconstructs an African highbrow heritage of race that lengthy predated colonial conquest, and which has persevered to orient inter-African relatives ever seeing that.
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Additional resources for A History of Race in Muslim West Africa, 1600-1960
Etienne Balibar and Immanuel Wallerstein (New York: Verso, 1991), 40. This passage is cited in Eve Troutt Powell, A Different Shade of Colonialism: Egypt, Great Britain, and the Mastery of the Sudan (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2003), 16. 18 Benjamin Isaac, The Invention of Racism in Classical Antiquity (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2004), 23. 19 Nirenberg, “Race and the Middle Ages,” 74. 20 Peter Robb, “Introduction: South Asia and the Concept of Race,” in The Concept of Race in South Asia, ed.
Rather than look for the construction or invention of racial categories by European colonial officials, this book makes the argument that a particular configuration of race existed in the Sahel long before the arrival of Europeans. The importance of race in the 36 Mary Louise Pratt, Imperial Eyes: Travel Writing and Transculturation (London: Routledge, 1992), 6. 37 Tony Ballantyne, Orientalism and Race: Aryanism in the British Empire (New York: Palgrave, 2002), 4. ws/blogs/ChrisRedfield 17 Introduction colonial Sahel must be understood as the outcome not of a new colonial discourse about race, but as the result of new kinds of dialogue and negotiation that invoked race between French officials and Africans, and between local Africans themselves in the new circumstances of colonial rule.
Because this is not a book about identity, I am not especially concerned with the literature on ethnicity or ethno-genesis in Africa. The criticisms of an ethnic paradigm before the advent of colonial rule, which one finds in prominent writers such as Jean-Loup Amselle, are, in effect, critiques of the anachronism of imposing models of ethnic identity and belonging on precolonial Africa. 57 One of the most important themes of this book is that large numbers of people in West Africa drew on a wide and largely shared intellectual tradition connected to the wider world through the vehicle of Islamic learning.
A History of Race in Muslim West Africa, 1600-1960 by Bruce S. Hall